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:: Volume 4, Issue 12 (Journal of the Persian Gulf (Marine Science) 2013) ::
JPG 2013, 4(12): 13-22 Back to browse issues page
Effects of Water Temperature and Rations Size on Growth Performance, Feed Utilization and Carcass Biochemical Composition of Juvenile Benni (Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi)
Mohammad Zakeri , Khalil Minabi
Khorramshahr University of Marine Science and Technology
Abstract:   (8057 Views)
A study was conducted to determine the effects of water temperature and rations size on growth performance, feed utilization and carcass biochemical composition of juvenile Benni. Six treatments representing a combination of two water temperature (24 and 28 °C) and three feeding rations (1%, 3% and 5%) were tested with three replicates. Each replicate was stocked with 12 fish (30.66±0.81 g average weight). Growth performances were significantly affected (P<0.05) between water temperature and ration size. Mean weight gain and percentage of weight gain significantly increased with increasing water temperature from 24 to 28 °C and higher (P<0.05) at 3% ration size. Average daily growth and specific growth rate were significantly (P<0.05) affected only by ration size at 3% level. Increasing water temperature (24 to 28 °C) resulted in increasing feed conversion efficiency (FCE). Whereas, FCE significantly decreased with increasing rations size from 1 to 5% at each water temperatures. Protein efficiency ratio (PER) followed a trend similar to that in FCE. The highest protein content of carcass (41.17%) was observed at 3% feeding ration at 28 °C. Lipid content was significantly highest in group fed 5% at 24 °C (13.58%). Hepatosomatic index was not significantly (P>0.05) affected by water temperatures and feeding rations. Viscerosomatic index (VSI) was significantly affected (P<0.05) by with increasing water temperatures and ration size. Results showed the 3% BW/day ration was optimal for growth of M. sharpeyi juvenile at water temperature 28 °C. (P<0.05).
Keywords: Water temperature, Rations size, Growth performance, Carcass composition, Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi juvenile.
Full-Text [PDF 194 kb]   (1914 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Basic and Original Research | Subject: Marine Biology
Received: 2013/10/26
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Zakeri M, Minabi K. Effects of Water Temperature and Rations Size on Growth Performance, Feed Utilization and Carcass Biochemical Composition of Juvenile Benni (Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi) . JPG. 2013; 4 (12) :13-22
URL: http://jpg.inio.ac.ir/article-1-176-en.html


Volume 4, Issue 12 (Journal of the Persian Gulf (Marine Science) 2013) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی پژوهشی خلیج فارس Journal of the Persian Gulf
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