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:: Volume 1, Issue 1 (Fall 2010 2010) ::
JPG 2010, 1(1): 37-44 Back to browse issues page
Remote Sensing of Tidal Situation by Monitoring Changes in Suspended Sediment Concentration in Surface Waters
Mohammad Reza Mobasheri *
, Mobasheri@kntu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (13802 Views)

Collecting information on suspended sediments concentration (SSC) in coastal waters and estuaries is vital for proper management of coastal environments. Traditionally, SSC used to be measured by time consuming and costly point measurements. This method allows the accurate measurement of SSC only for a point in space and time. Remote sensing from air-borne and space-borne sensors have proved to be a useful method for such studies as it provides an instantaneous and synoptic view of sediments that would otherwise be unavailable. The reason for success of remote sensing in such surveys is the strong positive relationship that exists between SSC and remotely sensed spectral radiance. This spectral radiance could be in the sun reflected and/or scattered or thermal terrestrial wavelength band. To find an algorithm relating SSC to spectral radiance over Bahmansheer River estuary at the North-West of Persian Gulf, a three-month field measurement (April to June 2003) was conducted while we had MODIS sensor on board of Terra over-passed the scene simultaneously. Ninety samples in fifteen trips were collected. Also the environmental parameters such as atmospheric visibility, air and water temperature, current direction and speed at the sampling point, wind speed and humidity were measured simultaneously. A close correlation between tide and SSC was observed. It is found that in the flood, the width of the turbid area at the estuary decreases while in the ebb, the suspended sediment distribution extends to the deeper region. Change detection by comparison between a base image of high tide/low tide conditions and any image could be used as a tool for detection of tidal conditions. This would be a powerful tool for monitoring erosion at the coastal area and estuaries.

Keywords: Remote Sensing, Coast, Tide, Ebb, Flood, Suspended Sediment Concentration
Full-Text [PDF 318 kb]   (2478 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Basic and Original Research | Subject: Physical Oceanography
Received: 2012/01/11 | Accepted: 2013/07/23 | ePublished: 2013/07/23
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Mobasheri M R. Remote Sensing of Tidal Situation by Monitoring Changes in Suspended Sediment Concentration in Surface Waters. JPG. 2010; 1 (1) :37-44
URL: http://jpg.inio.ac.ir/article-1-5-en.html

Volume 1, Issue 1 (Fall 2010 2010) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی پژوهشی خلیج فارس Journal of the Persian Gulf
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