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:: Volume 4, Issue 14 (Winter 2013) ::
JPG 2013, 4(14): 61-68 Back to browse issues page
Implications of the European :union: Sanctions on Maritime Shipping and Commerce in the Iranian Waters of the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea
Afsaneh Baghaie Barzabadi *, Hosein Ale- Kajbaf, Mahmood Reza Firoozmand
, afsanehbaghaie@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (9575 Views)
The European ::union:: (EU) along with the Security Council (SC) has imposed sanctions on Iran over the controversies around Iranian nuclear program. A review of the literature on the implementation of international sanctions against I.R. Iran shows that with passing time and disagreement between negotiating parties, the toughening and broadening of scope and focus of sanction has taken place and general economic sanctions have given way to more targeted and comprehensive sanctions with broader coalitions and integrated cooperation amongst sanctioning parties. In this paper, implications of international sanctions, particularly those of EU on transportation and shipping related to the Iranian government in the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea are discussed and potential impacts are identified. Chronological review of available and published documents on sanctions related to Iran’s right to explore its nuclear rights identified six characteristics which are discussed in detail. It is concluded, that impacts of sanctions, if not immediately, are manifested over time. Although, many aspects of sanctions affect shipping sector of Iran, whether designated sanction objectives are achieved, is questionable and results in case of shipping and transportation sectors of Iran is yet to be fully recognized and documented.
Keywords: Targeted international sanctions, UN Security Council Resolutions, EU sanctions, Shipping, Commerce, Transportation
Full-Text [PDF 178 kb]   (2081 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Basic and Original Research | Subject: Marine Biology & Biotechnology
Received: 2014/05/10 | Accepted: 2014/05/10 | ePublished: 2014/05/10
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Baghaie Barzabadi A, Ale- Kajbaf H, Firoozmand M R. Implications of the European :union: Sanctions on Maritime Shipping and Commerce in the Iranian Waters of the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea. JPG. 2013; 4 (14) :61-68
URL: http://jpg.inio.ac.ir/article-1-232-en.html

Volume 4, Issue 14 (Winter 2013) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی پژوهشی خلیج فارس Journal of the Persian Gulf
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